Thursday, February 3, 2011

Agriculture एग्रीकल्चर

This blog is just an attempt to generate some information on agriculture that may be useful to someone ... somewhere.

FACEBOOK/Agriculture Delhi  
https://www.facebook.com/AgricultureDelhi

Farmer's Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Bill, 2020, कृषक उपज व्यापार और वाणिज्य (संवर्धन और सरलीकरण) विधेयक, 2020 and the Farmers (Empowerment and Protection) Agreement of Price Assurance and Farm Services Bill, 2020 कृषक (सशक्तिकरण और संरक्षण) कीमत आश्वासन और कृषि सेवा पर करार विधेयक, 2020 and the Essential Commodities (Amendment) Bill, 2020.

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Farmers' demand









      
 
 
 
 







as on December 03, 2020



Agriculture





Agricultural Education

एग्रीकल्चर एडमिशन ICAR’s AIEEA (UG), AIEEA (PG) and AICE-JRF/SRF(Ph.D.) exam कृषि क्षेत्र के लिए शोध करने वाले सरकारी संस्थान ICAR भारतीय कृषि अनुसंधान परिषद (आई.सी.ए.आर.)




All India Entrance Examination for Admission (AIEEA)-UG is conducted for admission to Bachelor Degree programmes in Agriculture and allied science. ICAR is under administrative control of Department of Agricultural Research and Education (DARE) established by the Ministry of Agriculture. 

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Till 2018 ICAR’s All India Entrance Examinations for Admission to BACHELOR DEGREE PROGRAMMES [ICAR AIEEA (UG)] for an Academic Session was conducted by Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) भारतीय कृषि अनुसंधान परिषद (आई.सी.ए.आर.) 

Earlier, Eligibility of Qualifying Examination for appearing AIEEA-UG examination was -- Applicant must have obtained not less than 50%  in aggregate in 10+2 examination or equivalent with PCM/PCB/PCMB/PCF subject combinations/Inter Agriculture for admission under General, UPS (Under Privileged State) and OBC (Non-creamy layer) categories or 40% marks in aggregate for admission under SC, ST and PC categories

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एन टी ए (नैशनल टेस्टिंग एजेन्सी) National Testing Agency (NTA) is an autonomous organization under the Department of Higher Education, Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD), now (MoE)

ALL the best to the students appearing for icar jrf  AIEEA-UG AIEEA-PG AICE-JRF/SRF (PGS) 





After B.Sc.(Agri.) degree, agriculture graduates pursue higher education in AGRICULTURE AND ALLIED SCIENCES to become agriculture specialists in various fields of agriculture science such as Agronomy, Horticulture, Plant Physiology, Plant Pathology,Agricultural Entomology, Plant Breeding & Genetics, Agricultural Economics,Agricultural Statistics, Agricultural Meteorology, Agricultural Extension and many more subjects









                  
SOMESH JHA
Somesh Jha, M.Sc.(Agri.) Plant Pathology is a Delhi based Freelance Agroconsultant has been active in the sector of Agro, Retail and Agri Business consultancy for more than 18 years and has also served companies like Vishal Retail, Reliance Retail, Aadhaar Retailing(Future Group), Godrej Agrovet Ltd., Pragya (NGO) at various managerial levels

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Training and Capacity Building programs

Worked as a Freelance Trainer with TMI e2E Academy, an NSDC (National Skills Development Corporation) partner company that is focused on enhancing skill levels. NSDC is a not-for-profit company set up by the Ministry of Finance.



1. Freelance Trainer

Capacity Building training programs for a reputed agri input company. Skills training of sales team in paddy and wheat belt such as Sangrur, Bathinda, Hanumangarh, Jaipur and Jodhpur, as a Freelance Trainer with TMI e2E Academy,




Behavioral Training program for one of the reputed hybrid seed company. Skills training of sales team in cotton belt of Punjab and Haryana regions





2. SALES OFFICER at GODREJ AGROVET LIMITED
Responsibility:Management of Sales of Agricultural Inputs in a Territory.
Management of the team of Sales representatives in the territory. Development of market network in the territory. Sales promotion and Extension activities for Triacontanol based products and other plant growth promoters. Liaisoning with agriculture and horticulture departments,market co-operatives and other nodal agencies.
Location: Hoshiarpur territory in Punjab State.

Ach:1.New distributors were appointed-4 added to the area.
  2.Total revenue increased from 25 lacs to 50 lacs during tenure
  3.TRIACONTANOL sale volume raised from 50 MT to 150 MT during tenure.
  4.Sales Volume of 29 KL chlorpyriphos generated from Sugar Mill, Mukerian, HOSHIARPUR







































SKILL- Sales of Agricultural Inputs. Sales promotion and Extension activities, Managed Territory Sales team in Punjab.




SKILLED IN Inventorying Medicinal and Aromatic Plants of the Himalayas
Attended Training Program on 'Inventorying and status survey of the herbal wealth in the cold desert region of the Indian Himalaya' was attended between June 09-11,2003 at Forest Research Institute, Dehradun.

OTHER SKILL- Retail Store Sales

Vishal Retail Limited, Reliance Wellness Limited, Aadhaar Retailing Limited, Godrej Agrovet Limited.






































INTEREST and aptitude in Teaching, Education and counseling, Agroconsultancy Services, Sales, Retail Business Development with, agri, agro, product marketing, development, sales trainining, trainer, agri-input sales, pesticide, insecticide, farmer, fungicide,area manager, plant growth promoter, pgr sales, plant growth regulator , Territory Manager, Area Manager, development, pesticide, insecticide

Agri based industry, agro based manufacturing sector or agro-processing, trading and other services involving agricultural food production enterprises in agricultural sector or any other component of rural non-farm economy (RNFE) grows with services of agriculture specialists 

Agricultural productivity improve by modernization and technological upgrading. Development and adoption of new scientific methods and technological applications reduce production costs

Climate is changing and this change is becoming a challenge.Climate change has direct effects on productivity and quality of produce.Climate change indirectly effects soil fertility,crop health and also on our soil and water resources. We cannot change our climate but adoption of better agriculture management practices lessens the direct and indirect effects of climate change

 

 
Custom Hiring Centre - for Agri Machinery - on rental basis मोबाइल फ़ोन एप्प् Mobile PHONE app - कस्टम हायरिंग सेंटर - कृषि यंत्र के लिए - किराये के आधार पर Those willing to provide their agricultural machinery and equipment on rental basis can help small and marginal farmer by providing farm implements on rent


Improvement in the quality of raw and processed agricultural products



There is a need to promote major improvements in storage, packing, standardization and transport of agri-food products.

Agriculture always requires strengthening of innovation processes through experience sharing of PPP models (public-private partnership)  and  IFS models (Integrated Farming system) among various stake holders. The farm sector investors should also have clear understanding of feasible project reports before sourcing funds for agri-business. Agricultural Value Chains should be strong enough to support Livelihood improvement programs. Environmental and social issues continue to share space in strategic analysis and implementation of programs run by developmental organizations. Agriculture science skills can help improve lifestyle among urban community through gardening and basic knowledge of day to day farm activities can improve livelihood of rural communities. Keeping these objectives in mind my currently work includes offering Gardening Classes and providing Agro consultancy Services to the very humble farmer. This contributes to their individual growth, strengthens the capacity of learner through this kind of vocational skill, catalyzes spirit of  learner’s contribution to community and national development



Agrarian crisis and Agricultural crisis – Issues and Solutions,Enhancing area under irrigation and achieving water use efficiency through PMKSY, Promoting Organic Farming through PKVY, Creating a National Integrated Market through National Agricultural Market,Promotion of Horticulture,Promoting Pulses and Oilseeds in Rice fallows have important place in Schemes and Policy Initiatives by Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare,Government of India

KHARIF season msp न्यूनतम समर्थन मूल्य (एम एस पी) रुपए प्रति क्विन्टल Minimum Support Price (MSP) for kharif crops season that are to be marketed in a particular year. Minimum Support/Procurement Price is Recommended by CACP and Fixed by Government. Pradhan Mantri KisanSamman Nidhi (PM-KISAN) and Pradhan Mantri Annadata Aay Sanrakshan Abhiyan (PM-AASHA) are important schemes for farmers. Price Support Scheme (PSS), Price Deficiency Payment Scheme (PDPS) and Private Procurement & Stockist Scheme (PPSS) are sub-schemes under Pradhan Mantri Annadata Aay Sanrakshan Abhiyan (PM-AASHA)

किसानो को खरीफ फसल न्यूनतम समरथन मूल्य Increased MSPs at a level of atleast 1.5 times of the all India weighted average Cost of production (CoP). Includes all paid out costs such as those incurred on account of hired human labour, bullock labour/machine labour, rent paid for leased in land, expenses incurred on use of material inputs like seeds, fertilizers, manures, irrigation charges, depreciation on implements and farm buildings, interest on working capital, diesel/'electricity for operation of pump sets etc. miscellaneous expenses and imputed value of family labour



Agri TV channels in India such as DD kisan and Green TV may bring another revolution in transferring agricultural information to all regions.




Mini tractors such as Mitsubishi Shakti MT 180 D,Mahindra Yuvraj 215 NXT and Sonalika Gardentrac DI-20 reduce cost of operation upto 40 % as compared to the bullock ploughing in small farms.





Agricultural Implements, Farm Equipment, Agricultural Machinery, Tractors, Plows, Seeders, Tillers, Ploughs, Thresher, Straw reapers, Garden Tools, Garden Equipments, Garden Sprays .................... and the list goes on.



Farm Mechanization proved to be a boon for farmers.

Commonly multiple operations of cultivator, disc harrow and leveller are seen. Land leveller helps land to absorb water evenly.Laser Land Leveller may cost between Rs.3-4 lacs. Generally, tractor mounted laser land leveller is equipped with a hydraulic system control box unit attached to a receiver which receives laser rays from a tripod stand transmitter kept at a distance.

 

 

Land soil should be well tilled, loose and levelled to enable sowing at an adequate depth.Submerged rice cultivation,unscientific use of fertilizer,gas emission from livestock and low organic matter in soil have increased climate change risks.Adoption of organic farming,agroforestry,crop diversification and crop alignment,climate resilient crop varieties(they can withstand climate change challenge),soil health card based integrated nutrient management,effficient use of water and water harvesting,feed management of livestock are some of the agricultural management practices which can reduce climate change risks.



Selection of good variety remains one of the low cost inputs for farmers.
Kisan Jankari Abhiyan - KIJA किसान जानकारी अभियान

green LEAF manuring means incorporating into the soil green leaves and twigs that are collected from selected trees. Green manure crops can be leguminous as well as non-leguminous हरी खाद (ग्रीन मैन्योर). हरी खाद (ग्रीन मैन्योर) green manure is any undecomposed plant (green) material used as manure. When green manure crops are grown and then incorporated into the soil, the process is known as green manuring (Green manuring 'in situ') पोषक तत्त्वों को बढ़ाने तथा उसमें जैविक पदाथों की पूर्ति करने के लिये हरी खाद (ग्रीन मैन्योर) खेत में दबाया जाता है bio mass(e.g.Sowing Dhaincha or Jantar i.e Sesbania rostrata; burying Giripushp patta or Glyricidia leaves as as green manure)

basmati rice बासमती धान paddy चावल basmati rice खुशबुदार चावल aromatic एरोमैटिक rice सीडस and non-aromatic परमल चावल parmal rice धान rice चावल dhan घान dhaan पैड्डी paddy जौना jona jiri जीरी also




NON-BASMATI non-aromatic regular paddy PARMAL regular paddy चावल धान 

rice variety pr129 चावल paddy धान dhaan JONA jiri dhan. It is an improved version of PAU 201 that was known for red pericarp color, and long slender grain when released in the year 2007. It was a high yielding medium duration rice variety; and the variety is resistant to bacterial blight disease

PR 129 dhaan JONA jiri dhan is 105 cm high; yield around 30 Qtl/Acre in about 141 days
PR 127 matures in about 137 days; av. ht. of 104 cm; avg. yield is 30 Qtl/Acre
PR 126 matures in about 123 days; av. ht. of 102 cm; avg. yield is 30 Qtl/Acre
PR 124 is an 'A' grade parmal rice, is a semi dwarf variety matures in about 135 days after seeding with average paddy yield of around 30.5 quintals per acre
PR 122 yields on average 31.5 quintals of paddy per acre. Its average plant height is 108 cm and matures in about 147 days after seeding. It also possesses long slender clear translucent grains.
PR-121 variety of paddy is a semi dwarf variety, yield 30 Qtl/Acre (6 Qtl/BIGHA)
PR 113 matures in about 142 days; average plant height is about 105 cm; avg. yield is 28 Qtl/Acre
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Sowing of Rice crop nursery

direct seeded rice डाइरेक्ट सीडिड राइस DSR बिना कादों- कद्दू किए धान unpuddled rice PR 126 is most suitable for Punjab and nearby region since it matures early; in about 123 days after sowing in the first fortnight of June; av. ht. of 102 cm; avg. yield is 30 Qtl/Acre. It possesses long slender, clear translucent grains. It is resistant to bacterial blight pathogen



For effective weed control in DSR, first spray Pendimethalin 30 EC @ 1.0 litre per acre in moist soil within 2 days of sowing and thereafter use Bispyribac Sodium 10% SC at 2-5 leaf stage of the weeds, for effective control of most of the grassy, sedges and broad leaf weeds of rice crop. Adora (Bayer); Nominee Gold (PI Ind); Taarak (Tata Rallis) and Fuji Gold (Dhanuka) -- any ONE-- @ 80-120 ml/acre

Transplantation of Rice crop राइस ट्रांसप्लांटिंग धान चावल की खेती रोपाई paddy transplantation जॉन्ने की पनीरी खेत में लगाना



धान रोपाई paddy Rice seedlings should be uprooted after irrigation of nursery area. Wash the seedlings in water to remove mud. Dip the root portion of rice seedlings in Azospirillum slurry  for 15-30 minutes and then transplant the seedlings in the fieldPrepare slurry by mixing Azospirillum @ 1 kg in 40 liters of water

When PR 126 is grown as Flat puddled transplanted rice, transplant when 25-30 days old during 20 June - 5 July. Keep water standing in paddy field only for 2 weeks and thereafter apply irrigation 2 days after the ponded water has infiltrated into soil.

basmati बासमती धान paddy dhaan चावल के बीज aromatic rice खुशबुदार चावल औरोमातिक Punjab Basmati-5, Punjab Basmati-4, Punjab Basmati-3, Punjab Basmati-2, Pusa Basmati 1121, Pusa Basmati 1637 and Pusa Basmati 1718 is be sown between June 1-15 in northern regions 




transplanting of basmati बासमती धान paddy dhaan चावल के बीज aromatic rice खुशबुदार चावल औरोमातिक Punjab Basmati -5, Punjab Basmati -4, Punjab Basmati 3, Punjab Basmati 2, Pusa basmati 1637, Pusa basmati 1718, Pusa Basmati 1121 is carried out between JULY 1-15 in northern regions



DISEASES in Rice

PREVENTION is always better than CURE ...... Antibiotics of agricultural grade like Streptocycline when applied in combination with fungicides prevents primary seed borne infections

seed treatment in rice with Carbendazim e.g. Bavistin, Crystal @ 20g in 10 litres of water + Streptocycline @ 1 g in 10 litres of water for 12 hours checks foot rot disease, OR, Soak 8 kg seed in 10 litres of water containing 20g Bavistin and 1g Streptocycline for 8 to 10 hours before sowing



Thiram is a non-systemic dimethyl dithiocarbamate fungicide.
Thiram seed treatment helps against multiple seedborne and soilborne fungi. 
Thiram seed dresser fungicides coated seeds of paddy rice dhan are available in markets otherwise paddy seed treatment before sowing should be done to prevent primary seed borne infection. 


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JHANDA rog झंडा रोग bakanae बकाने रोग foot rot of paddy rice plant caused by Fusarium moniliforme fungus can be reduced by taking care that there should be standing water condition in paddy nursery for uprooting at the time of transplanting of rice plants. पैर गलने (झंडा रोग) की बीमारी Bakanae is a seedborne fungal disease. A week before uprooting of seedlings,treatment with Carbendazim 50 WP e.g.Bavistin, BASF in nursery as sand mix form @1 gm per sq.meter area is also helpful in reducing bakanae disease of paddy जिसमें धान के खेत में कुछ पौधे अनावश्यक रूप से बढ़ जाते है. बीज का सही ट्रीटमेंट न होने से धान की फसल में झंडा रोग का प्रकोप देखा जा सकता है Seed soaking treatment by fungicide is the most effective method to control झंडा रोग bakanae बकाने रोग foot rot of paddy rice. धान में झंडा रोग का नियंत्रण Spraying Propiconazole 25 EC e.g.Tilt, Syngenta @ 200 ml/Acre spray solution during boot stage i.e. panicle growth and flower development stage. It can also be reduced by broadcasting premix fungicide Mancozeb 50% + Carbendazim 25% WS e.g. Sprint, Indofil @ 400 gm mixed with 20 kg urea 




Sheath Blight Disease in rice can be managed by using Thifluzamide (e.g.Pulsor, Insecticide India) Custodia, Adama contains Azoxysatrobin 11%+Tebuconazole 18.3% SC. It is also used for rice sheath blight disease. Hexaconazole is a triazole fungicide for paddy sheath blight disease while Validamycin is an antibiotic fungicide used in managing sheath blight disease in rice.

sheath blight शीथ ब्लाइट and false smut फालस स्मट spray of Picoxystrobin 7% + Propiconazole 12% SC i.e. Galileo Way 18.76 SC, DuPont @ 400 ml in 200 litre of water per acre शीथ ब्लाइट रोग धान मे . Spray at boot stage of the crop only for false smut disease management झोने का ह्ल्दी रोग rice field कांगियारी मिथ्या कंड हल्दी रोग फफूंद से फैलता है Azoxystrobin 7.1% + Propiconazole 11.9% SE premix formulation, a broad-spectrum systemic fungicide used against Sheath blight disease in Rice crop शीथ ब्लाइट रोग धान मे

Rice चावल Dhaan धान JONNA जौना JIRI जीरी फसल पौधे को रोग नियंत्रित करने के लिए Picoxystrobin 22.52% (Galileo, DuPont) @ 400 ml/Acre for Wheat Yellow rust and Brown rust. Pemix Propiconazole 6.78% + Tricyclazole 20.33% SE e.g. Galileo Sensa, mainly used for wet rot, anthracnose and powdery mildew of Chilli is also used for control of leaf and neck blast of rice

ब्लास्ट रोग blast disease of rice occurs at various growth stages of rice crop. Rice plant leaf, stem and panicle are affected when no preventive measures are taken in time. पत्ते, तने के नोड, फूलों की अवस्था सूख जाते हैं Blast disease in Paddy  Symptoms of rice blast are elliptical or spindle-shaped lesions with pointed ends and grey or white centres on leaf धान का ब्लास्ट रोग में पत्तियों, पत्ते, बाली की गर्दन पर नाव की तरह धब्बें बनते है  Premix fungicide Kasugamycin 5% + Copper Oxychloride 45% WP formulation e.g.Conika 50% WP from Dhanuka is effective against rice blast disease. Isoprothiolane 40% EC e.g. Isomain, Adama is recommended for control of Blast disease in Paddy. Isoprothiolane (IPT) is a systemic fungicide is allowed in the EU. Fujione (Tata Rallis), FUKA (Parijat Ind.) and Rhyzo (Atul Ltd.) are examples of Isoprothiolane 40% EC. The levels of Tricyclazole in Indian Basmati rice is mostly much higher than the EU norms. The maximum residue limit (MRL) for tricyclazole is at present fixed at 1 ppm (parts per million) by the European Union



HALDI rog हल्दी रोग Copper Oxychloride 50 WP fungicide e.g. Blitox(Rallis), Dhanucop(Dhanuka), Blue Copper (Syngenta),
Copter(UPL) may manage false smut disease in paddy False smut disease 
झोने का हल्दी रोग फफूंद in paddy rice may be managed by using Copper Hydroxide 77% WP e.g.Kocide (Du Pont) or Hi Dice (Dhanuka)


Adexar, BASF is a combination fungicide Fluxapyroxad 62.5% g/l + Epoxiconazole 62.5 g/l EC used mainly for rice sheath blight disease management शीथ ब्लाइट रोग धान मे Fungicide फफूँदनाशी for Paddy पैड्डी Applied @ 300ml/acre at maximum tilling stage. READ information on LABEL before use

premix fungicide Propiconazole 13.9% + Difenoconazole 13.9% e.g.Taspa, Syngenta for healthy flag leaf in rice is applied at 25-30 DATP

ब्राउन स्पॉट रोग के कारण भूरे रंग के धब्बे बीमारी फफूंद द्वारा फैलती है false smut and brown leaf spot in paddy rice dhan crop may be managed by spraying a premix formulation Fenamidone 10% + Mancozeb 50% WG e.g.SECTIN,Bayer

organic fungicide Pseudomonas fluorescence @ 5gm/lit in form of foliar spray done at an interval of 15-20 days after transplanting is helpful in managing Rice Blast disease. Baliyaa panicles lose support of the neck and break off easily when Neck blast rots the neck. Neck blast prevents panicles from filling rice crop



INSECT pests in Rice 

Rice STEM BORER insect and SHEATH BLIGHT disease can together be managed by spraying Insecticide plus Fungicide ready mix formulation like Flubendiamide 3.5% + Hexaconazole 5% WG (e.g.ORIGIN,Tata RALLIS) 

Flubendiamide Insecticide e.g.Fame(Bayer),Takumi(Rallis) and Fluton(PI Ind) is used to manage Paddy stem borers and leaf folder insects

tana chhedak keeda AUR patta lapet sundi तना छेदक कीडे के नुक्सान को कम करने का Cartap Hydrochloride 4G कारटाप हाईड्रोक्लोराइड or Chlorantraniliprole 0.4 GR (e.g. Ferterra, Du Pont). GOBH kee SUNDEE aur PATTA LAPET sundee ke liye धान की फसल में तेला फुदका हाप्पर मच्छर कीडे का प्रकोप hopper insect pest attack in rice paddy fields Bifenthrin 10 EC to manage PLANT HOPPER insect (tela) in paddy rice crop fields

Clip off and destroy the leaf tips of the affected seedlings before transplanting when the attack of Hispa is noticed in the nursery, 

Stem borer larva can also be managed by clipping off the tip of the seedlings before transplanting and collect and destroyed stem borer egg masses present on the transplanted young rice plant
Rice pest stem borer गोभ की सुन्डी GOBH ki SUNDI wala keeda धान में त‌ना छेद‌क‌ कीडे़ मुख्य रूप से नुकसान पहुंचाते है धान में त‌ना छेद‌क‌ कीडे़ मुख्य रूप से नुकसान पहुंचाते है Brown colored egg masses laid in oval patches of 80-150 eggs covered with buff coloured hairs may be seen near paddy leaf tip in nursery and early transplanted plants.collect and destroy these stem borer egg masses present on the transplanted young rice plants

patta lapet sundi or rice leaf folder insect Cnaphalocrocis medinalis attacks more during the vegetative stage of rice crop particularly during 1-2 month after transplanting. Yellowish green larvae with dark brown heads emerge from 4-7 days old flat oval yellowish eggs that are found laid singly or in pairs on the under surface of tender leaves. Leaf folder larva pupate in loosely woven silk threads inside the leaf roll. Leaf folder infested plants show white streaks on leaves.

Gobh kee Sundi or rice stem borer & patta lapet keeda or rice leaf folder in the intial stage of rice crop,while tela or plant hopper at later stage are major challenges among insect pests. 

घान की कीटनाशक दवाई rice crop चावल plant dhan घान jiri पैड्डी paddy जौना rice insecticide Chlorantraniliprole 20 SC (e.g.Coragen 20 SC,Du Pont) @ 60 ml/acre in 100 litre of water can control leaf folder in addition to stem borer. rice crop is susceptible to stemborers. Vibrant 4 GR, PI ind contains thiocyclam hydrogen oxalate that is effective against the rice stem borer. It is broadcasted in the entire rice field @ 4 kg in standing water


धान की फसल में तेला फुदका हाप्पर मच्छर कीडे का प्रकोप hopper insect pest attack in rice paddy fields. फुदके धान के तने की नीचली सतह पर कल्लों के बीच में पाए जाते हैं और तने और पत्तियों का रस चूसते हैं Confidor(Bayer) contains Imidacloprid 17.8 SL for control of sucking insect pests.Other examples are Confidence(Crystal), Media(Dhanuka), Tatamida(Rallis), Victor(Insecticide India), Jumbo(PI Ind), Seamer(Du Pont). Confidor Super(Bayer) contains Imidacloprid 30.5 SC i.e. superior improved suspension concentrate formulation for better absorption. Imidacloprid 70 WG e.g.Admire(Bayer) forms a stable spray suspension as it dissolves very fast in the water

hopper insects तेला कीट प्रबंधन .. तेला ...... जीरी धान चावल फसल का एक हानिकारक कीट ... कीडे के नुक्सान को कम करने का तरीका insecticide Triflumezopyrim 10% SC (Pexalon 10 SC, Dupont) when sprayed @ 94 ml in 100 litres of water per acre, can provide hopper control up to 25 days
DuPont Pexalon for rice planthopper -- brown planthopper बी. पी. एच. Nilaparvatha lugens (BPH) ब्राउन प्लांट हॉपर and व्हाइट बैक्ड प्लांट हॉपर white-backed planthopper डब्लू. बी. पी. एच. Sogatella furcifera (WBPH) infestation during July to October in north region. Both nymphs and adults suck leaf-sheath sap. Spray is done when more than 5 plant hoppers per hill is seen धान के फुदके तने और पत्तियों का रस चूसते हैं ...... फुदके धान के तने की नीचली सतह पर कल्लों के बीच में पाए जाते हैं और तने और पत्तियों का रस चूसते हैं

plant hoppers धान के फुदके तने और पत्तियों का रस चूसते हैं ...... फुदके धान के तने की नीचली सतह पर कल्लों के बीच में पाए जाते हैं और तने और पत्तियों का रस चूसते हैं तेला कीट धान चूसने वाला plant hoppers in rice...Sucking INSECT (tela in rice) is often managed by use of Buprofezin 25 SC brands like Phentom(Insecticide India );Buprolord (UPL);Applaud (Tata Rallis); Tribune (Crystal); Bipimain (M'Agan); Apple (Dhanuka); Banzo (Biostadt); Jawaa (Du Pont) insecticides for sucking insect pests such as bph,gph and wbph  insecticide Thiamethoxam 25 WG e.g. Actara, Syngenta Sucking INSECT (tela) in rice तेला कीट प्रबंधन .. तेला ...... जीरी धान चावल फसल का एक हानिकारक कीट ... कीडे के नुक्सान को कम करने का तरीका Thiamethoxam 25 WG e.g. Actara (Syngenta); Arrow (Insecticide India); Extra Super (Crystal); Areva (Dhanuka); Maxima (PI Ind); Anant (Tata Rallis). Dinotefuran 20% SG eg.Token (Indofil) and Osheen (PI Ind) is also effective on Rice Brown Plant Hopper (BPH) for longer duration जैविक खेती

धान की फसल में तेला फुदका हाप्पर मच्छर कीडे का प्रकोप hopper insect pest attack in rice paddy fields. Bifenthrin 10 EC e.g. Markar (Dhanuka) to manage PLANT HOPPER insect (tela) in paddy rice crop fields

rice plant hoppers धान के फुदके तने और पत्तियों का रस चूसते हैं Ethiprole 40 % + Imidacloprid 40 % WG e.g. Glamore, Bayer 80 WG is a combination insecticide is applied in paddy rice crop to prevent hopper burn in the later crop stages. Ethiprole is a broad-spectrum insecticide for use against aphids, bugs and weevils


organic pesticide Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) based commercial bio-pesticides @ 400 gm/acre may also be sprayed at 7-10 days intervals in the evening hour. plant hoppers in rice ... 


neem based Azadirachtin 300ppm or NSKE @5% or neem oil 0.5%@ 1 litre/acre as foliar spray

Hybrid rice  


Bayer Arize 6444 Gold, Pioneer 27P72 and Tata Rallis RPH2 are some other examples of Non-Aromatic (parmal/non-basmati). Bayer Arize AZ 8433 DT is a mid-duration variety that may require only one spray of an insecticide, that too only when hopper burn damage is observed in adjoining fields or if the BPH count exceeds economic threshold levels. hybrid rice seed Bayer Arize AZ 8433 DT has inbuilt protection against the brown plant hopper (BPH) pest.


Pusa RH10 is an example of Hybrid Aromatic rice (hybrid basmati rice) which yields fine grain rice in short duration

basmati rice बासमती धान paddy खुशबुदार चावल एरोमैटिक rice 

Basmati Rice बासमती चावल खुशबुदार चावल aromatic एरोमैटिक बासमती The cool weather at the time of harvest, just before the onset of winter contributes to unique aroma in basmati rice. It is best when the flowering and grain-filling phase coincides with a cool climate, with temperatures below 30 degree Celsius during daytime and just over 20 degrees at night. Pusa Basmati-1, Pusa-1121 and Pusa-1509 could flower even when sunshine hours are long.Rice mill owner exporters and farmers having tag of Geographical Indication (GI) area get better income on selling or trading. GI tag certifies that they are producer of authentic basmati rice

Pusa Basmati 1728, Pusa Basmati 1718, Pusa Basmati 1637, Pusa Basmati 1509, Pusa Basmati 1121, Pusa Basmati 6 (1401), Pusa Sambha 1850 (for Chhattisgarh and Odisha) are known for its distinct aroma and extra length to the Basmati Rice

Pusa Basmati 1121 yields between18-20 quintals per acre. Pusa- Basmati 1121 yield approx.16 Qtl/Acre (3.5 Qtl/BIGHA). Pusa Basmati 1121 grain is longer (8mm) with cooked grain length of approximately 20 mm. It matures in 140-145 days and its height 120 cm
Basmati 1509 yields much higher than traditional basmati varieties such as Taraori and Dehraduni. Pusa 1509 matures within 120 days, requires only 10-11 irrigations, plant is only 80 cm tall and per acre yield upto 5 Qtl higher than 1121. 
Basmati rice variety pusa1637 is resistant to blast disease 

Pusa 1718, is an improved Pusa 1121 that is also resistant to bacterial blight. It's yield is around 28 -30 Qtl/Acre. Pusa Basmati 1718 matures in 136-138 days after sowing.

pusa1728 is resistant to bacterial blight diseasePusa Basmati 1728 for irrigated transplanted conditions for cultivation in Punjab, Haryana, Delhi, Uttarakhand and Western UP, is resistant to bacterial blight disease.


Pusa 1637 is resistant to leaf blast disease. Its an improvement in Pusa Basmati 1. Pusa Basmati 1609 is a blast resistant basmati rice variety with seed to seed maturity of only 120 days. Pusa 1612 also known as Pusa 6 an improved version of Pusa Sugandh 5 has resistance to blast disease and it also takes 120 days to seed maturity

Fine Gain Aromatic rice Pusa Sugandh 5 (Pusa 2511) has excellent aroma and extra long grains, matures in 125-130 days. Pusa sugandh performs well,both in direct and transplanted methods


Pusa Basmati 6 (1401) - may yield avg.2O Qtl/Acre (4 Qtl/BIGHA) 


Punjab Basmati 3 (PB 3) plant is dwarf, resistant to bacterial blight is approx.105 cm tall, matures in about 140 days after sowing when transplanted late in the month of July. It is improvised version of traditional basmati variety Basmati 386. It has extra long superfine aromatic grains. Grains elongate almost double on cooking. The average yield of PB 3 is 14 Qtl/Acre


Pusa Basmati 1 (1460) -avg. yield 22 Qtl/Acre (4.5 Qtl/BIGHA)



Basmati Rice Taraori बासमती चावल तरावरी Taraori or Tarori or Tarawari is located in Nilokheri Tehsil, KARNAL, Haryana. Agro-climatic conditions of Taraori are particularly suited to impart unique characteristics, distinct aroma, traditional flavour and extra length to the Basmati Rice. Taraori basmati rice तरावरी बासमती चावल is the finest long grain Aromatic Basmati Rice from Taraori region बासमती धान paddy seeds चावल के बीज basmati rice खुशबुदार चावल aromatic एरोमैटिक

Basmati Rice PADDY dhaan JONA jiri बासमती खुशबुदार चावल aromatic एरोमैटिक rice basmati rice varieties namely Pusa Basmati 1728, Pusa Basmati 1718, Pusa Basmati 1637, Pusa 1612, Pusa Basmati 1509, Pusa Basmati 6 (Pusa 1401), Punjab Basmati 2, Pusa Basmati 1121, Improved Pusa Basmati 1 (Pusa 1460), Pusa Sugandh 5 (Pusa 2511), Pusa Basmati-4 (Pusa 1121), Pusa Basmati 1121, Super Basmati, Pusa Sugandh 3, Pusa Sugandh 2, Basmati 386, Pusa Basmati 1 are popular

HARVESTING


Manual threshing of rice is done with threshing rack.Threshing by hand is separating the grain from the panicle.The farmer beats his paddy crop against a slatted bamboo, wooden platform, or any other hard object such as a steel oil drum
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Direct Seeded/sown non-transplanted Basmati aromatic rice variety Punjab Mehak 1 and Non-Aromatic (parmal/non-basmati) PR 115 are also popular.In these kind of unpuddled direct seeded rice





बासमती चावल Basmati rice brands like Daawat Basmati, Lal Quila Basmati, Kohinoor Basmati, Jagat Basmati, Shakti Bhog Basmati, Neesa, Charminar and Best Basmati enjoy high market share. Charminar Basmati and Daawat Rozana Basmati Gold are of premium quality

After harvest,rice fields are ploughed or sometimes left as stubble for the entire winter.The rice is ready for harvest when the grain yellows and the start to drop

rice threshing to get the grain off the stalk,when done by hand works well across many rice varieties.After threshing, the rice must be winnowed to separate the grains from the husks. Manual threshing of rice is done with threshing rack.Threshing by hand is separating the grain from the panicle.The farmer beats his paddy crop against a slatted bamboo, wooden platform, or any other hard object such as a steel oil drum


Straw Management पराली प्रबंधन Parali SMS एस एम एस Super Straw Management System

फसल अवशेष पराली को किसान अगर जलाएंगे नहीं तो !!!! धान की झड़ाई के बाद बचने वाली पराली खेतों में रहने के बाद जुताई नहीं हो सकती है जिसके कारण जीरो ड्रिल पद्धति गेहूं की बिजाई से नहीं हो सकती। Wheat seed is either broadcast before the rice crop is harvested (relay planted) or after harvest.Wheat seed is placed onto a saturated soil surface without any land preparation.Surface seeding is the simplest zero-tillage system after rice harvesting अगली फसल की बिजाई कैसे कर सकता है। 



Baling is the process of making a large bundle for storage or sale of paddy straw. Balers compress materials so they are bound in a dense, rigid form, called a bale. Square baling is a high efficiency biomass harvesting system. Square bales have more storage and handling benefits when compared to Round balers. New Holland BC5060 Series Square Baler has super-sweep
pickup to save valuable crop waste. 62 HP tractor is required to operate this baling equipment in the category of 36 x 46 balers for traditional farm operation





Black Rice काले चावल kaale chawal ब्लैक राईस or Chak hao amubi - a scented rice grown in north eastern region.These black rice truly offer a pleasing taste. काले चावल black rice is a rare but old regional variety of rice. Indonesian black rice, Thai black rice, Miami hunger black rice and Adma kiting are also gaining popularity



BROWN RICE -- When the bran layer and the germ is removed from brown rice, it is made into REGULAR white rice grain. For this process brown rice is passed through whitening and polishing machines..Paddy is de-hulled to produce brown rice.De-hulling is process to remove the husk layer from paddy.The output from the huller is a mixture of paddy rice, brown rice, husk, broken paddy, and sometimes bran. ब्राउन राईस brown rice ब्राउन चावल bhure rang ke chawal भूरे रंग राईस Brown rice are produced by during two-stage rice milling process. In this process husk and bran are removed separately and brown rice is produced as an intermediate product



Red Rice रेड राईस or Chhohartu are grown in abundance in Chohara and Ransar valley of Rohru subdivision in Shimla. Red rice is known for its benefits in lowering cholesterol. Palam Lal Dhan-1 or Improved Begmi is a high yielding indica type red rice variety from Himachal Pradesh लाल चावल Red rice variety Guria jhum variety sticky rice is a part of many cuisines. Auwan or Gurian Maira, Bitri Dholi, Binny Guria and Bitri Guria are examples of regional varieties. Other rice varieties popular in Tripura are Krishnahamsa, Gautam and Naveen besides hybrids such as PHB 71, Arize 6444, KRH 2.


Waxy rice - bora rice - glutinous rice are opaque and cooked sticky due to its chemical constituent known as amylopectin which is a component of rice starch. Glutinous rice varieties like bora rice are locally used for preparation of rice beer. 
Rice in Madhya Pradesh is as good as MP wheat. Traditional rice of Madhya Pradesh i.e.MP CHAWAL such as nevari chawal नेवारी धान, kargi chawal करगी धान, kamalshree chawal कमलश्री धान and bajranga chawal बजरंगा धान are popular. कोसमखंड धान, गांजाकली धान, लचई धान and निबारी धान kargi dhaan करगी धान bears protective spikes wheras Bajranga variety rice is good for those who eat their meals at long 
intervals



Aromatic indigenous varieties of rice from eastern region of are immensely popular amongst those loving ethnic food. Some examples in this category are Dudher Sar,Tulai Panji,Radha Tilak and Banskathi. Rice Aromatic - indigenous varieties like Joha, traditionally been organic can fetch good price from international buyers after certification by authorized certification agencies

Gobind Bhog rice is good for making kheer. Rice variety Gobind Bhog is a fragrant varieties of rice.It's truly a good aromatic one



Cooker kee kitnee SEETI bajtee hai chawal cook karne mein !!!!!! How many whistles of pressure cooker are required to cook rice !!!!! Basmati rice cook good when they are soaked in water for 30 minutes before putting them on heat.When we do same for Soft Rice - Komal Chawal varieties like Aghoni Bora you save all LPG or CNG or electricity of Induction burner which was to be used for rice cooking as soft rice varieties become ready to eat when soaked in water so do not require any cooking on heat

FARMERS may CONTACT the following traders for SEEDS
Surinder Pal Singh Khangura, 5 G, Sarabha Nagar,Opp. PAU-Punjab Agricultural University - Gate No. 2,Ferozepur Road, Ludhiana, Phone 0161-5083707; 2450773; 2453708 

Garg Seed Corporation, SCO Number 7G, Opposite PAU Gate No 2, Ferozepur Road, Ludhiana, Phone 0161-2451220

Prabhat Seed Traders 49‐50, Ind., Area, Sector‐2, Kurukshetra, ,Phone 01744-292684; 231684; 

KAMBOJ EXPORT, Bajaj Market Indri, Karnal,Phone-0184-2270938


Rice चावल paddy धान dhaan JONA jiri dhan

https://www.facebook.com/RicePADDYdhaanJONAjiri

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Cotton कपास kapas नरमा narma कॉटन rui 


https://www.facebook.com/CottonKAPASnarmaRUIsutiKHADI

.फसल पर कीट के हमले और फसल के रोग ने किसान के उचित लाभ को समस्या बना दी है ………..  कीट - रोग निगरानी और सलाहकार सेवा लाभकारी हो सकती है ........ कौन सी दवा कितनी और किस फसल पर डालनी चाहिए ......  प्रोडक्ट के बारे में सही जानकारी ........... किसानों को सही निर्णय लेने में मदद करती है



The first Bt cotton varieties marketed as Bollgard contain the Cry1Ac gene बी टी कपास (बेसिलस थुरिनजेनिसस नरमा) बी टी नरमा बीटी कॉटन कपास बीज Bt cotton hybrids मोनसैंटो कंपनी ने कपास के बीज में बासिलस थुरिंजिएंसिस (बीटी) बैक्टीरिया का जीन डाला ताकि पौधा कीड़ों से बचा रहे

Bollard-I was approved in 2002.Cotton is the first GM crop approved in India.Bt cotton was introduced in the country in 2003.About 90% of the country’s cotton area of roughly 11.8 million hectares in 2015-16 was under the Bt coverage.The Bollard-II double-gene technology was approved by the Genetic Engineering Approval Committee in 2006

Monsanto has regulatory approval for Bollgard II product that incorporates two Bt genes, Cry1Ac and Cry2Ab2.The incorporation of two Bt genes improves the effectiveness of the product and delay the development of resistant pests.

Bt Cotton II (बेसिलस थुरिनजेनिसस नरमा) बी टी नरमा बीटी कॉटन कपास बीज Bt cotton variety is grown in medium heavy soils. Bt cotton varieties PAU Bt1, F1861 and RS 2013 have cry1Ac gene that imparts resistance against bollworm complex. Farmers can keep their own harvest of PAU Bt1, F1861 and RS 2013 for next sowing season as it could be reused by farmers. Cotton variety F1861 developed at Punjab Agricultural University converted to Bt by Central Institute for Cotton Research (CICR), Nagpur. RS 2013 developed at Rajasthan Agricultural University (RAU), Bikaner converted to Bt by Central Institute for Cotton Research (CICR), Nagpur

Bt cotton hybrids from Mahyco Monsanto, Nuziveedu seed, Rasi seeds,Tulasi seed, Ganga - Kaveri seed, Ajeet Seeds, Krishidhan seed are popular are popular among cotton growers. cotton variety PAU Bt1 has been developed at Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana. Nuziveedu Seeds BOLLGARD II ,rasi RCH 659 BOLLGARD II, Monsanto Seeds BOLLGARD II , Mahyco Seeds BOLLGARD II, Bayer Seeds BOLLGARD II, Shriram Seeds BOLLGARD II, Ankur Seeds BOLLGARD II, Ajeet Seeds BOLLGARD II 

The maximum sale price of Bt cotton seed packets (450 grams of Bt cotton seed plus 120 grams refugia) is specified by the central government, and is applicable for the whole of India. BG-I version of Bt cotton hybrid is to be sold at Rs 635 for 450 gm and BG-II is to be sold at Rs 800 for 450 gm. Nuziveedu Raghav BG II NCS 855, Sriram Bioseeds Shriram 6488 BG-II, Shriram 6588 BG-II, Rasi RCH134 and Ankur2534, Ankur 3028 BG II, Mahyco MRC7017 BG II, Mahyco MRC7031 BG II and Rasi RCH 650 BGII seed 

BENEFICIAL (friend) INSECTS in cotton crop

लेडी बर्ड बीटल lady bird beetle and क्राईसोपा लेस विंग Chrysopa green lacewing species of Chrysoperla and Mallada are important predator insects used in IPM इंटीग्रेटेड पेस्ट मैनेजमेंट (एकीकृत नाशीजीव प्रबंधन ) आई पी एम Integrated Pest Management IPM. Coccinella SEVEN SPOTTED ladybird beetle, Scymnus LADY BIRD BEETLE, Cheilomenes SIX zigzag SPOTTED ladybird beetle Cryptolaemus AUSTRALIAN ladybird beetle, Brumoides THREE STRIPED ladybird beetle, Hyperaspis BLACK STRIPED ladybird beetle and Nephus YELLOWISH brown ladybird beetle are few example




pest control is very important !!!!! All insects are NOT harmful for any CROP. befriend and SAVE BENEFICIAL insects. parasitoid wasps ट्राइकोग्रामा Trichogramma sp. such as Trichogramma chilonis, Trichogramma brasiliensis and Trichogramma japonicum parasitize eggs of lepidopteran insect pests. इसीरोफ़ैगस Acerophagus parasitizes developing stages of mealybugs. ब्रेकन Bracon parasitize larva of lepidopteran insects,larva of some beetles and dipterans as well. एनासियस Aenasius is a parasitoid wasp for control of cotton mealy bug

INSECT-PEST management in cotton crop

cotton bollworms can be managed by applying Ampligo 150 ZC, Syngenta, a premix Chloratranilprole (10 %) + Lambdacyhalothrin (5%) ZC @ 80 ml per acre. It is a zeon technology based microencapsulation formulation, in which insecticide is encapsulated in tiny zeon capsules (ZC) कपास की सुंडी कीट American boll worm अमेरिकन सुंडी Helicoverpa armigera, Pink bollworm गुलाबी सुंडी Pectinophora gossypiella and Spotted bollworm चित्तीदार सुंडी Earias vitella could be managed by applying Ampligo 150 ZC, Syngenta

Insect Pheromone traps for Heliothis and Spodoptera bring good relief in organic and modern farming




SYNTHETIC PYRETHROIDS are used on cotton for the control of boll worm complex.Do not use synthetic pyrethroids when the crop becomes 120- 130 days old

कॉटन Cotton KAPAS नरमे narma कपास की सुंडी कीट American boll worm अमेरिकन सुंडी Helicoverpa armigera, Pink bollworm गुलाबी सुंडी Pectinophora gossypiella and Spotted bollworm चित्तीदार सुंडी Earias vitella have always been a threat to farmers cotton boll worm and tobacco caterpillar damage can be managed by spraying insecticides like Chlorantriniliprole 18.5 SL e.g.Coragen(Du Pont) should be sprayed when the damage inside fruiting bodies exceed 5 % and thereafter spray as and when need arises.

cotton bollworms, whiteflies & jassids on cotton can be managed by spraying premix formulation of Indoxacarb 14.5%+ Acetamprid 7.7% SC e.g. Kite,Gharda

Profenofos 50 EC is a broad spectrum non-systemic foliar insecticide and acaricide with contact and stomach action is effective against a wide range of chewing & sucking insects and mites.E.g. Curacron, Syngenta; Kilcron, Crystal; Banjo,IIL; Carina,PI Ind. Thrips insect थ्रिप्स in cotton कपास kapas नरमा narma कॉटन rui fasal can be managed by Excel Crop Care Celcron i.e. Profenophos 50% EC Spray 500 ml per acre 

Insecticide Thiodicarb 75 WP e.g.Larvin(Bayer) and Spiro(Tata Rallis) is used to manage the mealy bug infestation also when 10% infested plants are observed in cotton fields.It acts as an ovicide. मीली बग कीट पत्तियों का रस चूसता रहता है Buprofezin 25 SC insecticide brands such as Applaud (Tata Rallis); Tribune (Crystal);Pi Bupro(PI Ind);Phentom(Insecticide India );Buprolord (UPL);Apple (Dhanuka); Banzo (Biostadt) and Jawaa (Du Pont) is used to manage mealy bug in Cotton तने और पत्तियों का रस चूसते हैं

Emamectin Benzoate 1.9 % EC e.g.Billo,Crystal;Emamectin Benzoate 5% SG (Missile,Crystal;Proclaim,Syngenta) control worms and caterpillars and are safer to beneficial insects like ladybird beetles

Insect Bollworm-Heliothis in cotton can be managed by applying Chlorfluazuron 5 % EC e.g.Atabron(UPL) an IGR or Indoxacarb 14.5 SC e.g.Avaunt(Du Pont)

Profenofos 40% + Cypermethrin 4% EC e.g. Profex Super, Nagarjuna प्रोफेकस सुपर Pro Rin, Dhanuka; Kilcron Plus, Crystal; Rocket, PI Ind; Profigan Plus, Adama; Polytrin, Syngenta is a premix formulations for managing Caterpillars, Bollworm, Jassids, Aphids etc.
cotton pest कॉटन Cotton KAPAS नरमे narma कपास की सुंडी कीट Spotted bollworm चित्तीदार सुंडी Earias vitella





whitefly can be managed by Sumitomo Chemical Lano i.e. Pyriproxyfen 10% EC @ 500 ml per acre; Thrips can be managed by spraying Syngenta Curacron i.e Profenofos 50 EC @ 500 ml per acre. PI Keefun i.e. Tolfenpyrad 15 EC @ 300 ml per acre for JASSID जैसिड या फुदका Amrasca biguttula ऐमरास्का बिगटुला in cotton कपास kapas नरमा narma कॉटन rui fasal Cotton jassid can be managed by spraying 80g Flonicamid 50 WG e.g.Ulala, UPL or 40 ml Imidacloprid 200 SL e.g.Confidor, Bayer in 100 litres of water per acre सफेद मक्खी का प्रकोप सामान्यतौर पर बारिश के मौसम में नुकसान पहुंचाती है 
Diafenthiuron 50WPe.g.Polo(Syngenta),Logo(IIL),Pager(Dhanuka) is used to control whitefly in cotton.It results in immediate paralysis of the insect pest after intake or contact with the product विषाणु रोग फैलाने वाले चूसक कीट तेलीया एफिड aphids व सफेद मक्खी whiteflies नियंत्रण के लिए yellow sticky trap contain non-drying glue coated sticky surface with grid for precision monitoring purposes

red cotton bug रेड काटन बग, family Pyrrhocoridae, pest of cotton crop




सफेद मक्खी Chitti Makkhi Bemisia tabaci or whiteflies have regularly attacked cotton plants only to be controlled by intensive spraying of chemical pesticides.Whitefly lays eggs on the underside of leaves,in the middle section of the plant.Insecticide sprays on top of plants often miss the eggs and nymphs in middle layers. Pesticides such as Insect Growth Regulator insecticides (IGR) prevents adult whitefly emergence and reducing the viability of eggs produced by whitefly, a sucking insect pest. Whitefly lays eggs on the underside of leaves,in the middle section of the plant.Insecticide sprays on top of plants often miss the eggs and nymphs in middle layers




Pyriproxyfen 10 EC,Lano,Sumitomo is an Insect Growth Regulator (IGR) prevents adult whitefly emergence and reducing the viability of eggs produced by whitefly. Bifenthrin 10 EC brands like Imperial, M'Agan; Markar, Dhanuka; Impeder, Tata Rallis; Talstar, FMC may also be used for leaf sap sucking common garden insects. whitefly सफेद मक्खी Chitti Makkhi Bemisia tabaci in cotton कपास kapas नरमा narma कॉटन rui नरमे की फसल में व्हाइट फ़्लाइ can be managed by spraying Parijat DAITA i.e. Pyriproxyfen 10% EC @ 500 ml per acre. Pyriproxyen 10% + Bifenthrin 10% EC e.g. Leonis, Parijat @ 250 ml per acre in 200 litres water can also be sprayed to manage whiteflies


WEED Mgt in COTTON

cotton कपास kapas नरमा narma कॉटन rui कपास नरमे की फसल में खरपत्वार kharpatwar कक्ख herbicide नदीन नियन्तरन weedicide WEED Mgt in COTTON  कपास नरमे की फसल में खरपत्वार कक्ख नदीन नियन्तरन 
Pendimethalin can destroy many types of annual grasses and broad leaved weeds as they germinate in cotton,soybean and groundnut fields. Ensure sufficient moisture before applying a pre-emergence herbicide Pendimethalin 30% E.C.





थोड़ा एक्सट्रा फायदा मिल जाये तो मजा आ जाये capsule suspension of Pendimethalin e.g.Stomp Xtra 38.7 % CS ,BASF when applied as a pre-emergence herbicide also used in cotton kapas narma field reduces major grass weeds found in cotton fields are Panicum repens, Digitaria sanguinalis, Brachiaria mutica alongwith some sedges namely Pennisetum purpureum, Cyperus rotundus. Broad leaves weeds in cotton fields namely Lantana camjara, Portulaca oleracea, Eclipta prostrate, Commelina benghalensis are also manged to certain extent.Locally these weeds are known as akda, chiniyari, swank, swanki, itsit, dudhi, golia,khaariyu and bathua




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Herbicides like Pyrithiobac Sodium e.g.Hitweed(Godrej);Staple(Du Pont) n Pyrimax(M'Agan) and Propaquizafop 10 EC e.g.Society(Indofil) n Agil(M'Agan) are used in cotton

POST- EMERGENCE herbicide for cotton




Godrej Hitweed, Pyrithiobac Sodium 10 EC, is a selective herbicide for broad-leaved weeds in cotton crop sprayed 3-4 days after first irrigation @ 250 ml per acre in 200 litres of water, in moist soil. 



Kanghi buti (Sida sp.) and Peeli buti (Abutilon sp.) which act as collateral host of cotton leaf curl could be managed by spraying herbicide 

Godrej Hitweed Maxx 10 MEC i.e. Pyrithiobac sodium 6% + Quizalofop ethyl 4% spray @ 500 ml per acre in 150 litres of water after first irrigation, in moist soil, control annual grass and broadleaf weeds. 



Quizalofop Ethyl 5% EC e.g.Hakama (IIL),Targa Super (Dhanuka), Pantera (Du Pont) is for grass-like narrow leaf weeds doob, chhatri ghas, swank, chiman-chara etc. in many crop. READ all leaflet information CAREFULLY before applying any herbicide.



Handloom products like cushion covers, throws, stoles, tablecloths, curtains etc are popular. The handloom mark helps the customers differentiate between the handmade and machine made fabric.




Handloom fabric production involves three processes namely Pre-loom process,loom process and Post-loom process. Reeling machines are used to extract filament from cotton by employing a set of processes


The level of artistry and intricacy achieved in the handloom fabrics is unparallel. 




GUJARAT sabarmati ashram



Charkha चरखा -- AMERICA and INDIA अमरीका और इन्डिया 




Private organizations like Fab India and Bombay Store have good national and international reach to directly source products from the weavers



chemical insecticide sometimes cause suffocation if anyone sprays it without wearing the prescribed protection kit and without following manufacturers advice किसान साथियो को टाईम और पैसा बचाने के लिए किसी भी खेती की दवाई का उपयोग सिफारिश की गई मात्रा से अधिक नही करना चाहिए।



6-7 फीट ऊंचाई वाली फसल मे स्प्रे करते समय चेहरे पर मास्क व अन्य सावधानी का खास ख्याल रखे। Farmers should avoid indiscriminate mixing of chemical insecticides at their own, instead use premix branded formulations




Parawilt in cotton plants can be checked by spraying cobalt chloride @ 10 mg/ litre of water on the affected plants at the initial stage of wilting

Indian cotton 


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Raw cotton one maund weighs 37.32 kg. Price during March 2020 was around Rs 3,500 per maund



Cotton with 29.5 -30.5 mm length of fibre फाइबर and Micronaire value of 3.5 -4.3 is known as long staple cotton 



cotton with staple length of 24.5 -25.5 mm and Micronaire value of 4.3 -5.1 is known as medium staple cotton



कपास फाइबर Long Staple cotton लंबा रेशा and Medium Staple cotton मध्यम रेशा 



Cotton was the first GM crop approved in India.Bt Brinjal could not be commercialized in India after protests from environmentalists concerned about toxicity issues,particularly in case of herbicide tolerant GM crops.



Genetic Engineering Approval Committee (GEAC), under the Environment Ministry stopped commercialization of Bt Brinjal in 2009-10.Now,GM mustard Dhara Mustard Hybrid 11 or DMH 11 may soon be in the list of GM crops in Indian agriculture




DMH 11 or Dhara Mustard Hybrid 11 may provide yield increases of 25-30%.This may be the first entry for a herbicide tolerant genetically modified crop(HT GM crop) in India.It is a transgenic hybrid developed by the Centre for Genetic Manipulation of Crop Plants,University of Delhi,supported by its Biotechnology Department and the National Dairy Development Board (NDDB).The DMH-11 mustard line has been created by genetically engineering bacterial genes into selected mustard parent lines to create male sterile parent plants

Cotton कपास kapas नरमा narma कॉटन rui 

https://www.facebook.com/CottonKAPASnarmaRUIsutiKHADI

corn मक्का maize मक्की makka छल्ली bhutta कार्न chhalli भुट्टा Maize - Spring sown जायद सीज़न मक्का zaid SPRING maize is generally sown during Jan-Feb. Varieties PMH 10, PMH 8, PMH 7 and DKC 9108 mature in four months. Yield around 30 Qtls/Acre. 



Maize - Rabi sown रबी मक्का rabi maize is generally sown in November. Maize variety PMH 9 is for rabi winetr sowing matures in 180 days and its average yield is 32.5 qunital per acre. PJHM1, Pusa HQPM-7 improved, Pusa Vivek Hybrid improved, Pusa Super Sweet Corn-2, Pusa Vivek QPM 9 improved, Pusa HQPM-5 improved are new varieties of corn



Corn makki bhutta chhalli मक्का की तनाबेधक कीट की इल्ली तने को छेद करती है 



maize borer can be checked by spraying Fenvalerate insecticide, a contact synthetic pyrethroid insecticide e.g.Sumicidin (Sumitomo), Fenkill (UPL), Tatafen (Rallis),Triumph Card (Dhanuka).



babycorn बेबी कार्न baby bhutta भूटटा chhoti chhalli छल्ली baby makka मक्का baby corn is the young ear of female inflorescence of maize plant harvested before fertilization when the silks have just emerged. Harvesting should be done when baby corn silk comes out 2-3 cm from the top of ears. Young unfertilized corns are known as babycorn. Detasseling means removing the tassel of the plant as soon as it emerges from the flag leaf. Leaves should not be removed during detasseling operation Punjab Sathi, VL Babycorn 1, HM-4, Prakash, HIM 123, VL-42, Him 129, PEHM


maize herbicide मक्का का खरपतवार नाशक Alachlor 50 EC e.g.Lasso,Sinochem India within 2-3 days of sowing manages corn field weeds such as Bans Patta (Brachiari reptans), Acrachne ghas (Acrachne racemosa) and Koan makki (Commelina benghalensis).

मक्का का खरपतवार नाशक Atrazine 50 WP is a pre-emergence herbicide used for the control of annual grasses and broad leaved weeds in Maize मक्का

Some examples of brand names of Atrazine 50 WP are Solaro (PI Ind), Atrataf (Rallis India), Dhwansh (Biostadt), Srizon(Crystal), Strike(IIL)


corn herbicide मक्का मकई फसल में वीडकिल्लर हरबीसाईड टिंजर or एलिट Tynzer (BASF), Elite (PI Ind) contain Topramezone 33.6 % SC (e.g.ELITE,PI Ind) is an early post-emergent herbicide applied at 2-5 leaf stage of the weeds against major narrow & broad leafy weeds in corn


Maize corn herbicide premix Tembotrione + Isoxadifen-ethyl e.g.Laudis,Bayer as post-emergence at 15 DAS,controls broad leaf and grassy weeds



Maize is an important fodder crop which gives very palatable, highly succulent and nutritionally rich fodder.Makki safed 1-DR was crossed with Turpeno PB to develop J 1006 a variety suitable for fodder Production. Fodder maize J 1006 is resistant to Maydis blight, brown striped downy mildew and stem borer

flaked grains of cereals is a popular healthy breakfast item ......... we all like cornflakes कॉर्नफ़्लेक्स ......... regular makki bhutta chhalli maize roasted and boils is also popular

flakes फ्लेक्स.........a healthy breakfast...... a balanced protein carbohydrate nutrition

Corn मक्का maize मक्की makka छल्ली bhutta कार्न chhalli भुट्टा

https://www.facebook.com/CornMaizeMakkiBhuttaChhalli

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Sugarcane गन्ना Ganna शुगरकेन Eekh ईख Kamaad शेरडी Sherdi ऊस
https://www.facebook.com/SugarcaneGannaEekhKamaadSherdi


















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Soybean सोयाबीन soyabean सोयबीन 
https://www.facebook.com/OlivePalmOilRefinedSoybeanOilSunflowerSafflowerOil































Pulses दाल daal पल्सेस dal Greengram मूंग Lentil मसूर arhar अरहर redgram- pigeonpea उड़द maah URAD 
https://www.facebook.com/PulsesDALmoongArharTURmasurChanaRajma

GEHUN कनक kanak गेहूँ Bread wheat (Triticum aestivum)  



WHEAT GRASS gehun ghas is a healthy drink for morning walk goers. 



Giloy ki dandi, a piece of kachchi haldi and a piece of aloevera when mixed with fresh WHEAT GRASS juice is good for health. 



WHEAT GRASS for home -- Sow wheat in any container in ur home. Plan10 clay or plastic trays 15 cm diameter and 6 cm depth for each member in family. Grind 7 to 9 days old wheat leaves adding water, strain the juice through a clean cloth into a cup or a glass. Juice must be drunk immediately on juicing, a healthy person can take 1/4 to 1/3 of a glass everyday



Multigrain Atta consisting of barley JAU, amaranthus CHOLAI, maize MAKKA,sorghum JOWAR, chickpea CHANA, water chestnut SINGHARA, soybean and bajra make healthier food



High quality bread wheat variety HD 3226 is resistant to Yellow, Brown and Black rust, Karnal bunt, Powdery mildew, loose smut and foot rot. It yields around 23 Qtl/Acre. GEHUN wheat HD 3226 for irrigated, timely sown conditions in NWPZ (except Kota and Udaipur), Western Uttar Pradesh (except Jhansi), Jammu, Kathua, Una, Paonta H.P and Uttarakhand (Tarai region) . 

wheat गेहूँ ਕਣਕ kanak GEHUN HD 3086 (Pusa Gautami) for timely sown irrigated conditions in north western plain zone gaining plant ht 93 cm,matures in about 145 days and average grain yield is 20-21 Qtl/Acre. Possesses a high level of resistance against leaf and stripe rust. Also shows high degree of resistance against loose smut and flag smut.

PBW 725 variety of wheat gehun kanak is resistant to yellow and brown rust. It matures in about 154 days.Its average yield is 22.9 Qtl/Acre.This bread wheat variety PBW 725 is is a double dwarf variety with an average plant height of 105 cm

Unnat PBW 343 i.e.PBW 723 is an improved variety developed from PBW 343.This new variety PBW 723 has more resistance to yellow rust. It is recommended for North Western Plain Zone i.e. Punjab, Haryana, Delhi, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand states. Wheat variety Unnat Halana (K9423) can be sowed even late and yields around 15 Qtl/Acre in 85 to 90 days.



गेहूँ बीज wheat seeds for timely sown irrigated condition Unnat PBW 343,PBW 343,Unnat PBW 550,PBW 550,PBW 725,PBW 677,Pusa Gautami (HD 3086),WH 1105,HD 2967, PBW 621,DPW 621-50(PBW 621 and DBW 50),WH 502,WH 542,HD 3043,WH 1025,DBW 88,WH 711,WH 1142,DBW17, HD 2189 are some well known wheat varieties. 

WH-1105 is resistant to yellow rust and less susceptible to Karnal bunt and loose smut diseases. It matures in about 157 days. Its average plant height of 97 cm with average grain yield is 23 Qtl/Acre

गेहूँ UP 2425 wheat is suitable for timely sown, matures in about 130 days. Its average plant height of 95 cm with average grain yield is 15 Qtl/Acre



Sharbati wheat of Madhya Pradesh and MP-1202 are well known for fine taste and soft quality roti chapati. MP Sharbati wheat is harvested exclusively for lustrous golden grain.
HI 8663 (Poshan) is a new variety known for its excellent grain quality, high and stable yield
HD 7882 (Vidisha)- Good for chapati making, resistant to brown and black rusts. It matures in 110- 115 days



HD 3059 (Pusa Pachheti) for late sown irrigated conditions of north western plains zone.It is resistant to yellow rust and brown rust.An average plant height of 93 cm.It takes about 121 days to mature

HD 2894 matures in about 120 days and average grain yield is 20 Qtl/Acre

Wheat GEHU kanak variety DBW 71,also a high yielding bread wheat (Triticum aestivum) variety for late sown cultivation under and irrigated conditions of the North Western Plain Zone (NWPZ) of India.Plant height is 90 cm and yields between 17-18 Qtl/Acre in 119 days.It has high protein content (13.4%)and better grain appearance

Wheat KANAK Gehu varieties VL Gehun 829, VL Gehun 892, VL Gehun 832 and VL Gehun 907 are cultivated in northern mountain belts. Wheat variety VL 804 matures in about 130 days. Its average plant height of 105 cm with average grain yield is 15 Qtl/Acre. It is resistant to yellow stripe rust, loose smut, brown-leaf rust.

durum WHEAT variety HD 4713 (Pusa Wheat – 110)



DISEASES in Wheat

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Seed dressing fungicides like Thiram and Captan have been widely used in various crops.WHEAT seed can also with Captan or Thiram @ 3 g/kg seed for the control of root rot, foot rot, seedling blight, black tip and black spot of glumes. Captan and Thiram treatment should not be done earlier than one month of sowing as it affects seed germination




Seed treatment before sowing the crop is useful in reducing losses. Before sowing treat the seed with Tebuconazole 2DS e.g.Raxil, Bayer @ 40g or seed treatment with Carboxin e.g.Vitavax, Dhanuka @ 80 g or premix Carboxin 37.5% + Thiram 37.5%  e.g. Vitavax Power, Dhanuka @120 g per 40 kg seed

pre-mix combination of Carboxin 17.5 %+ Thiram 17.5 % FF (e.g.Provax 200 FF, Chemtura; Viatvax Ultra, Dhanuka) can be done to prevent loose smut and flag smut. Seed treatment should be done with seed treating drum. Vitavax Ultra may be applied @ 2.5 ml/kg wheat seed

pre-mix formulations of 3 fungicides in 1 pack (Tebuconazole + Prothioconazole + Metalaxyl),e.g. Raxil Easy,a seed treatment product for the control of loose smut disease in wheat.

Seed Treatment of Wheat GEHUN Kanak with seed dressing fungicide pre-mix combination of Carboxin 17.5 %+ Thiram 17.5 % FF (e.g. Provax 200 FF, Chemtura; Viatvax Ultra, (Dhanuka) can be done to prevent loose smut and flag smut. Seed treatment should be done with seed treating drum

gehun kanak WHEAT seed treatment with Flowable Suspension fungicide such as Tebuconazole 5.4% FS is an effective wheat seed treatment to prevent loose smut disease and flagsmut disease.It is also effective in preventing,root rot,collar rot and wilt disease in some crops. Tebuconazole 25.9% EC is a broad spectrum fungicide to manage diseases such as rice blast,sheath blight in rice,onion purple blotch,chilli fruit rot and rust in groundnut




Loose smut of wheat caused by fungus Ustilago tritici is a common disease throughout the wheat-growing regions. कंडुवा रोग बीज जनित रोग है। The name loose smut describes the characteristic symptoms of the diseased heads as they extend from the boot in late spring. The kernels and glumes (chaff) are converted into black fungal spores which blow away, leaving only a sooty appearing rachis or spike. 

Another fungus Urocystis agropyri causes flag smut diseases in wheat.Infected leaves and leaf sheaths exhibit white to yellow streaks that turn grey and then black. The leaves may droop and be thin and stunted with grass-like appearance.झंडा कंडुवा रोग पत्तियों को प्रभावित करता है



Use disease-free seed to prevent Karnal bunt disease in wheat. This disease is caused by fungus Nevossia indica. गेहूँ का करनाल बंट रोग संक्रमण होने पर दाना काला पड़ जाता है और खाने योग्य नहीं रहता। Incidence is more during during Feb- March due to fluctuating weather conditions

Yellow rust of wheat पीला रतुआ अथवा पीला गेरूआ रोग Yellow-Peela Ratua also known as stripe rust,caused by Puccinia striiformis- Ek FAFOONDI se hone waali beemari.This disease appears if cold temperature with intermittent rains prevail.Spray the crop with Propiconazole 25 EC e.g.Tilt,Syngenta @ 1 ml / litre water using power sprayer or tractor mounted boom sprayers.

Brown rust or leaf rust in wheat is caused by the fungus Puccinia recondita भूरा रतुआ अथवा भूरा गेरूआ रोग में गोल या अण्डाकार धब्बे पत्ती के ऊपरी हिस्से पर दिखाई देते है

Growing rust resistant varieties like WH 1105, HD 3086, PBW 725, PBW 677 or tolerant varieties such as PBW 621, DBW-17 and PBW-550 especially in rust prone areas.  Spray the crop with Propiconazole 25 EC e.g.Tilt, Syngenta @ 1 ml / litre water using power sprayer or tractor mounted boom sprayers


Rusts and powdery mildew in wheat may also be managed by using premix combination fungicides like Azoxystrobin 11 % + Tebuconazole 18 % (e.g.Custodia, Makhteshim Agan)

Tebuconazole is a systemic triazole fungicide which act against a wide spectrum of diseases in many crops by protective, curative and eradicative action.They inhibit the reproduction and further growth of the target fungus by interfering in the process of building the structure of the fungal cell wall.

Nativo 75 WG,Bayer contains a formulation of Tebuconazole + Trifloxystrobin which is effective in managing sheath blight disease in rice field.




Propiconazole and Tebuconazole जैसे फफूंदी नाशी को पानी में घोलकर छिडकें .......... just to manage spot blotch disease in wheat caused by Bipolaris sorokiniana.

NUTRITION in Wheat


Soil Test Report should be seen before sowing new crop.



GYPSUM जिप्सम खरिया मिट्टी @ 100 kg per acre at the time of sowing when WHEAT is grown in sandy soil, and the soil test report says the field is deficient in sulfur. The symptoms of sulphur deficiency in cereal crop show uniform chlorosis first appearing on new leaves. In case of sulphur deficiency in wheat, the upper leaves become light green and later on yellow but the lower leaves remain green

Apply MICRONUTRIENTS to correct the deficiency of manganese and SULPHUR WHEAT - In case of sulphur deficiency, the upper leaves become light green and later on yellow but the lower leaves remain green. Sulphur S is a secondary macronutrient and its a structural component of some amino acids and vitamins. Sulfur is not a part of chlorophyll molecule but needed for formation of chloroplasts

MICRONUTRIENT Deficiency in WHEAT - In light textured soils, where wheat follows paddy, manganese deficiency generally appears. The interveinal portion of the middle leaves become light greyish yellow to pinkish brown and the veins remain green, forming strips. 

Wheat crop may show symptoms of zinc deficiency after application of first irrigation in case of light textured and reclaimed soils. Third and fourth leaves of wheat plant from the top become yellow in the middle, while the tip and bottom remain green. Approx. 25 kg zinc sulphate (21%) per acre may be broadcasted by mixing with the same quantity of dry soil

Urea, DAP or SSP, Potash fertilizers could be applied in reduced quantity in loamy sand soil as compared to sandy loam soil 

Urea may be applied @ 50 kg/acre with first irrigation in normal light soils. Urea application at later stage in wheat gehu kanak crops may be done on the basis of fertilizer applied to previous crop,soil test report or by using leaf colour chart LCC

Nematode disease infested WHEAT field निमाटोड डिशीज

Use of gall-free seed would minimize loss.The infested seed lot should be floated in 2 percent solution of salt and water or brine solution for this purpose The galls will float on the surface. These should be separated and destroyed away from the field by burning. The seed should be thoroughly washed to remove the salt solution before sowing



गेहूँ का ममनी रोग अथवा सेहू रोग Galls ममनी are produced in wheat infected with ear cockle disease.Earheads contain dark brown,hard and roundish galls called mamni, instead of grains सेहू रोग,caused by seed gall nematode Anguina tritici. क्रिमी कीट प्रभावित पौधे पर निष्फल बालियां उत्पन्न होती है। क्रिमी कीट Anguina tritici in combination with the bacterium Rathayibacter tritici causes yellow ear rot or tundu disease. It leads to parallel yellow or white streaks along leaf veins

Molya disease of wheat is caused by cyst forming nematode Heterodera avenae.सिस्ट सूत्रकुमि हीटेरोडेरा ऐवनी की मादा पुटक समान जड़ से लगी रहती है,पौधे के जड़े में बहुत सारी शाखायें हो जाती है,रोगी पौधा बौना रह जाता है। Galls are produced in wheat infected with ear cockle disease सेहू रोग,caused by seed gall nematode Anguina tritici.प्रभावित पौधे पर निष्फल बालियां उत्पन्न होती है। Anguina tritici in combination with the bacterium Rathayibacter tritici causes yellow ear rot or tundu disease.It leads to parallel yellow or white streaks along leaf veins


WEED MANAGEMENT in Wheat 

Herbicides for common weed management in Wheat/GEHUN/Kanak/Pisi ke KHARPATWARNASHAK खरपतवारनाशी - घास - फूस नाशी

1.Clodinafop-Propargyl 15 WP (e.g. Topik, SYNGENTA;Lavana,FMC;Jhatka,UPL;Avtar,CRYSTAL,Point;NAGARJUNA,Sartaj,TATA Rallis;Moolah,CHEMTURA;Chopper,Du PONT;Clodinox,JUBILANT;Visa,CHAMBAL;Arjun,JRPL) for management of Gulli Danda(Phalaris) weed in wheat crop
2.Sulfosulfuron 75 WG (e.g.Leader,Sumitomo;SF-10,UPL;Fateh,TATA Rallis,Kaiser,IIL;Nishan,CRYSTAL;Vita,CHAMBAL) for management of Gulli Danda(Phalaris) and broad leaf weeds like Bathu(Amaranthus),Kandiali Palak
3.Metsulfuron Methyl 20 % WP (e.g.Algrip,Du Pont)-Bathu,Dokanni,Kandiali Palak,Maina,Billi Buti,Rari
4.Sulfosulfuron 75%+ Metsulfuron Methyl 5% WG (e.g.Brackett,Du Pont and Total,UPL)- Gulli Danda,Jangli Palak,Bathu,Kandiali Palak,Billi Buti,Maina
5.Mesosulfuron-methyl 3%+Iodosulfuron-methyl-sodium 0.6% WG -(e.g.Atlantis,Bayer)- Gulli Danda,Maina,Bathu,Kandiali Palak,Jangli Palak,Billi Buti,Dokanni,Pitpapra
6.Pinoxaden - e.g.AXIAL(Syngenta) for managing Wild Oats, Phalaris and Annual Ryegrass in wheat.




गेहूँ की फसल में घासपत्ती वाले खरपतवार नियंत्रण Axial, Syngenta; Melsa,PI Ind is Pinoxaden 5.1% EC herbicide for गेहूँ में गुल्ली डंडा Gulli Danda (फैलेरिस माइनर) Phalaris minor or Gehu ka mama गेहूँ का मामा or madusi or gehusa खरपतवार नियंत्रण and other grassy weeds such as little seed canary grass (Phalaris minor) and normal wild oats (Avena ludoviciana) in wheat applied 30-35 days after sowing  @ 400 ml/acre after first irrigation. 

गेहूँ में हर्बिसाइड Pinoxaden is recommended to be applied using a knapsack sprayer fitted with a flat fan nozzle. 






Spray herbicides at noon during the bright sunny days after evaporation of dew from the plant surface. spray weedicides on the weeds approx. 1.5 feet high above the wheat crop for effective control of weeds





Sulfosulfuron 75 WG e.g.Leader, Sumitomo; SF-10, UPL; Fateh, TATA Rallis, Kaiser, IIL; Nishan, CRYSTAL; Vita, CHAMBAL for गेहूँ में गुल्ली डंडा Gulli Danda (फैलेरिस माइनर) Phalaris minor or Gehu ka mama गेहूँ का मामा or madusi or gehusa खरपतवार नियंत्रण Spray Sulfosulfuron 75 WG @ 13 gm in 150 litres of water at before first irrigation 14-21 days of sowing wheat. Sulfosulfuron based herbicides is not for fields where jowar and maize are to be sown after wheat crop, also if any broad leaf crop is sown in wheat

गेहूँ में गुल्ली डंडा Gulli Danda (फैलेरिस माइनर) Phalaris minor or Gehu ka mama गेहूँ का मामा or madusi or gehusa खरपतवार नियंत्रण by Clodinafop-Propargyl 15 WP (e.g. Topik, SYNGENTA; Lavana,FMC; Jatka,UPL; Avtar,CRYSTAL, Point;NAGARJUNA, Sartaj,TATA Rallis; Moolah,CHEMTURA; Chopper,Du PONT; Lucifer,BAYER ,Clodinox,JUBILANT; Visa,CHAMBAL; Arjun,JRPL
Clodinafop-Propargyl 15 WP (e.g. Topik, SYNGENTA) spray @ 160 g in 150 litres water after 30-35 days of sowing wheat


गेहूँ की फसल में चौड़ी पत्ती वाले खरपतवार नियंत्रण 


Metsulfuron methyl 20 WP (e.g.Algrip,Du Pont) @ 10 g/acre may be sprayed at 30-35 days of wheat sowing for the control of broadleaf weeds such as Bathu बथुआ Chenopodium album ,Dokanni,Kandiali Palak Rumex , Melilotus indica, Medicago spp,Maina,Billi Buti,Rari etc




गेहूँ की फसल में चौड़ी पत्ती वाले खरपतवार बटन बूटी Malva sp हिरणखुरी hirankhuri, मकोय Solanum sp. (Makoi) etc weeds at 2-3 leaf stage or 25-30 days of wheat sowing may be controlled by Carfentrazone 40 DF e.g. Affinity (Du Pont) @ 20 g/acre using 200 litre of water



चौड़ी पत्ती वाले खरपतवार नियंत्रण गेहूँ की फसल में कृष्णनील Anagallis arvensis, छोटी दुधी, जंगली चौलार्इ चिनीयारी, बथुआ, चनौरी, ढेकना, सेंजी आदि i.e.makoh,kandiali palak, rari/rewari, हिरणखुरी hirankhuri !!!!!! pre-mix herbicide in dry flowable formulation such as carfentrazone-ethyl 40% + metsulfuron-methyl 10% e.g. Lanfida 50 DF (DuPont) may be applied @ 20 g/acre at 25-30 days after sowing.hey are mixed with water and applied in a spray exactly like a wettable powder formulation

Lanfida 50 DF, DuPont is a herbicide premix carfentrazone-ethyl 40% + metsulfuron-methyl 10% formulation for wheat fields having broadleaf weeds like makoh मको Solanum nigrum, kandiali palak कंडयाली पालक Rumex spinosus, rari/rewari ररी/मुनमुना Vicia hirsuta, hirankhuri हिरणखुरी Convolvulus arvensis (field bindweed) applied 25-30 days after sowing wheat

Bayer Puma Power 10 EC i.e. Fenoxaprop-p-ethyl is used to manage Phalaris minor weed i.e.Gulli danda at post-emergence stage after first irrigation around 30-35 days of sowing in wheat field. herbicide premix of fenoxaprop(8%) and metribuzin (14%) Accord Plus 22 EC,Bayer @ 500 ml in 150 litre water 30-35 days of sowing wheat in wheat for control of Phalaris minor and broad leaf weeds

Atlantis 3.6 WDG, Bayer is also sprayed for the control of both grasses and broadleaf weeds namely Gulli Danda, Maina, Bathu ,Kandiali Palak, Jangli Palak, Billi Buti, Dokanni, Pitpapra etc in wheat
खरपतवार नियंत्रण by Mesosulfuron-methyl 3%+Iodosulfuron-methyl-sodium 0.6% WG (e.g.Atlantis,Bayer) @ 160 g in 150 litre water and 500 ml surfactant 30-35 days of sowing wheat


Total,UPL and Brackett,Du Pont contain combination of Sulfosulfuron 75% + Metsulfuron methyl 5% WG to manage wheat crop weeds such as Phalaris minor Gulli Danda, Rumex spp. Jangli Palak, Chenopodium spp. Bathu, Medicago denticulata, Coronopos dedymus, Melilotus alba, Anagallis arvensis, Kandiali Palak, Billi Buti, Maina etc. It is not for fields where jowar and maize are to be sown after wheat crop. Grass and broadleaf weeds can simultaneously be controlled by applying combination herbicide Sulfosulfuron 75% + Metsulfuron methyl 5% WG @ 16 g in 150 litre water and 500 ml surfactant 30-35 days of sowing wheat
Herbicide weedicide हर्बिसाइड Kharpatwaar nashak Nadeen nashak KAKH nashak premix Clodinafop propargyl 15%+ Metsulfuron methyl 1% WP e.g.Vesta(UPL) application @ 160 g/acre with surfactant provided, at 30-35 days after sowing provides control of grassy weed such as Phalaris minor (Gulli Danda) and Avena fatua(Jangi Jaee) and many more along with broad leaved species viz.,Chenopodium album(Bathu),Medicago denticulata(Jangli Methi) and Rumex spp.(Jangli Palak) and many more

Herbicide weedicide हर्बिसाइड Kharpatwaar nashak Nadeen nashak KAKH nashak premix Metribuzin 42%+ Clodinafop-propargyl 12 % WG e.g.Shagun 21-11(UPL) can be applied @ 200 g/acre with surfactant provided at 30-35 days after sowing, for the control of both grasses and broadleaf weeds


ZERO TILLAGE in Wheat Crop

Wheat seed is placed onto a saturated soil surface without any land preparation. Happy Seeder is a tractor-mounted machine that cuts and lifts rice STRAW and at the time of SOWING WHEAT. 



Surface seeding is the simplest zero-tillage system after rice harvesting. 



Zero Till Seed Cum Fertilizer Drill is used in unprepared field for sowing wheat seeds




Wheat गेहूँ GEHUN कनक kanak
https://www.facebook.com/wheatKANAKgehuATTArotiCHAPATI

Mustard oil sarson tel is best choice when looking FAT in your nutrition. It contains 100 per cent fat but no protein. Mustard SARSON oil is high in Selenium, Magnesium and Vitamin B Complex. It also has anti-inflammatory properties



mustard-Brown sarson -Brassica rapa var brown sarson are common in Himalayan region. 




Variety KBS 3 is resistant to white rust and tolerant to fog.It contains 46% oil,matures in 155 days and may yield upto 4 Qtl/Acre.BHS-1 produces 64% oil in 150 days of maturity.45S42 PIONEER Du Pont Hybrid MUSTARD - Sarson ya Pusa Mustard-28,Pusa Mustard- 26 and Pusa Mustard-21 ............. Kaun see variety dikhtee hai aapke khet mein

MAKKE ki roti SARSON ka saag---डोन्ट मिस द चान्स मक्के की रोटी सरसो का साग---Don't miss the chance



Vegetable mustard variety named Pusa Saag-1, has tender leaves and shoots

Sarson Toria mustard मस्टर्ड सरसों indian mustard राया raya राई सरसों rai sarson Brassica juncea examples are Pusa Mustard 28, Pusa Mustard 27, Pusa Vijay, Pant Rai 21, Giriraj, RLC-3, PBR 357, PBR 210, RLM 619. Seed coat color is different in different varities of mustard e.g. black seed mustard (DRMR-1288), dark brown seed mustard (RGN-73), brown seed mustard (RCC-4), reddish brown seed mustard (CS-52) and yellow seed mustard (basanti). African sarson mustard Brassica carinata African Sarson PC-6 has brown seed whereas Karan Rai and Pusa swarnim grains are yellow

Toria-Rapeseed high yielding varieties like Uttara, Pant Toria -30 , Pant Toria-303, Type -9,VL Toria-3,TL 17, etc. mature in about 90 days,yield upto 5 Qtl/Acre and oil content is around 40%. Seed rate should be 2 kg per acre and line spacing 30 cm



Indian mustard variety Pusa Mustard 30 matures in about 137 days under timely sown irrigated conditions in UP, MP, Uttarakhand, and Eastern Rajasthan. It is the first bold seeded (1000 seed weight 5.38 g) low erucic acid (<2 37.7="" content="" font="" has="" indian="" mustard="" of="" oil="" variety="" which="">



Indian RAYA/RAI mustard (Brassica juncea) varieties like Pusa Mustard-21(LES- 127),Pusa Mustard 29 (LET-36),Pusa Mustard 30 (LES-43) having light to dark brown seeds yield between 7-8 Qtl/Acre and contain 35-36% oil



raya or Indian Mustard RH0749 with 40 per cent oil matures in about 5 months and yields 9-10 Qtl/Acre for timely sown conditions in the irrigated areas of Haryana,Rajasthan,Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand and Madhya Pradesh



Raya sarson mustard PBR 357 contains 39 per cent oil content.It matures in 145 days and its average yield is 8.5 Qtl/Acre


rapeseed रेपसीड सरसों toria sarson तोरिया सरसों gobhi sarson गोभी सरसों toria sarson तोरिया सरसों Brassica campestris var toria examples are PBT-37, Tl-17 and TL-15. Toria or Lahi or Brassica campestris var. Toria varieties TL 17 and PBT 37 are of short duration maturing in 3 months.They contain 41-42 % oil and yield 5 % Qtl/Acre.In Himalayan regions VL Toria 3 yields 3.5-4 Qtl/Acre Brown color grains



gobhi sarson गोभी सरसों Brassica napus examples are GSC -7, GSC-6, GSL-2, GSL-1 and Hybrid Hyola PAC401. Gobhi Sarson Canola type GSC 7 matures in 154 days.It has average yield of 8.9 q/acre which is 16.8 per cent higher than GSC 6 and 6.5 per cent higher than Hyola PAC 401. It has 40.5 per cent oil content which is about 1.3 per cent higher than GSC 6 and Hyola PAC 401.Raya sarson mustard PBR 357 contains 39.0 per cent oil content.It matures in 145 days and its average yield is 8.5 q/acre

taramira तारामीरा rocket salad Eruca sativa example is TMLC-2



Canola is grown primarily for its seeds, which yield between 35 % to over 45 % oil. Its main use is as cooking oil. Canola name is now used for three Brassica sp.:B.napus, B.rapa and B. juncea or mustard. Brassica napus L. is referred as Canola oil with low erucic acid content. Canola type Indian mustard yellow seeded variety Pusa Double Zero Mustard 31 matures in 144 days and has 40.56% oil content. Canola oil is also popular nowadays as it contains saturated fats even lesser than olive oil. Brassica varieties having less than 2% erucic acid is known as canola type variety of rapeseed and mustard crop मस्टर्ड सरसों indian mustard राया raya राई सरसों rai sarson african sarson Brassica juncea AND rapeseed रेपसीड सरसों toria sarson तोरिया सरसों gobhi sarson गोभी सरसों Brassica campestris var toria

African Sarson - Ethiopian Sarson- KARAN RAI -e.g.Pusa Aditya and Pusa Swarnim (IGC-01). Pusa Swarnim has a very high degree of drought tolerance. It is totally free from white rust and has very low incidence of Alternaria blight. Seed is of yellow colour with 40-43% oil content. It matures in 165 days



yellow seeded raya variety RLC 3 is of canola quality.It matures in 145 days and yields around 7 Qtl/Acre.



Mahyco yellow sarson variety ULHAS Rapeseed MYSL 203 has 44-45% oil content and bold yellow seeds. It matures in only 100 days
.

Mahyco bold mustard is an examples of BROWN grain varieties produced by Mahyco.




pili sarson peeli yellow Indian Mustard-Brassica rapa var. yellow sarson e.g. Pusa Karishma contains 38% oil,matures in 145 days and may yield upto 8 Qtl/Acre


kolhu or ghani or chekku is an oilseed crushing systems which was traditionally used in the form of a mortar pestle arrangement powered by farm animal power such as an ox. kolhu mortar was made from trunks of hard wood trees such as imli tamarind and pestle was made of trees such baheda terminalia. Trained male animals such cattle ox was generally used to rotate load-beam.The oilseeds and subsequently the expressed oil was held in a scooped circular pit in the exact centre of a circular mortar made of wood


Mustard सरसो sarson मस्टर्ड सरसों raya राया raee राई rai 


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Mustard सरसो sarson मस्टर्ड सरसों raya राया raee राई rai 
https://www.facebook.com/MustardSagRayaSarsonSaag



POTATO आलू ALU पोटैटो aloo 

https://www.facebook.com/potatoALUaaluBATATA
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Onion प्याज pyaz piaz dungri कांदा kanda

https://www.facebook.com/ONIONpiazKANDAdungriPYAZ

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Garlic गारलिक LEHSUN लहसुन 





Tomato टमाटर tamatar टोमेटो

https://www.facebook.com/tomatoTAMATARtametaSAUCEketchupCHUTNEY

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Brinjal ब्रिनजल baingan बैंगन eggplant एगप्लांट aubergine जीन garden egg

https://www.facebook.com/BrinjalBAINGANbhartaEGGPLANTaubergineGARDENEGG
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.Ranking Status of Agricultural Universities एग्रीकल्चरल यूनिवर्सिटी का रैंकिंग स्टेटस Based on recommendations of the Committee and approval by the Competent Authority of ICAR, the Ranking Status of Agricultural Universities




All India Entrance Examination for Admission (AIEEA)-UG is conducted for admission to
Bachelor Degree programmes in Agriculture and allied sciences (other than veterinary sciences), at Agricultural Universities on 15% of the University seats (100% seats in RLB CAU Jhansi, NDRI Karnal and Dr.RP CAU Pusa, Bihar) and AWARD OF NATIONAL TALENT SCHOLARSHIPS(NTS) IN AGRICULTURE & ALLIED SCIENCE SUBJECTS (OTHER THAN VETERINARY SCIENCE) IN ACCREDITED AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITIES. Since 2019 it is conducted by National Testing Agency (NTA), under the Ministry of Human Resource Development, Govt. of India. ICAR PG Scholarship is awarded to meritorious candidates seeking admission in the Agricultural Universities where Master degree programme consists of course and research work. SYLLABUS  National Talent Scholarships (NTS) is available through the Agricultural University concerned to every student admitted on ICAR seat at any Agricultural University located in a state different from their state of domicile. Till 2018 ICAR’s All India Entrance Examinations for Admission to BACHELOR DEGREE PROGRAMMES [ICAR AIEEA (UG)] for an Academic Session was conducted by Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR)  भारतीय कृषि अनुसंधान परिषद (आई.सी.ए.आर.) ICAR is under administrative control of Department of Agricultural Research and Education (DARE) established by the Ministry of Agriculture. एन टी ए (नैशनल टेस्टिंग एजेन्सी) National Testing Agency (NTA)  is an autonomous organization under the Department of Higher Education, Ministry of Education,Government of India.

Private universities/colleges apply for accreditation from ICAR (although agricultural education is a State subject). National Agricultural Education Accreditation Board (NAEAB) is the authority for ICAR accreditation process. Accreditation is done to ensure the quality of higher agricultural education



Agri पी जी ADMISSION एग्री एड्मीशन P G COURSE sarkari SCOPE for AGRI Students in GOVT jobs- AGRI waalon ka scope ............
SCOPE-1 After B.Sc.(Agri) or allied course pass ICAR AIEEA- PG exam for M.Sc.(Agri) or allied course ……
SCOPE-2 After M.Sc.(Agri) or allied course pass ICAR NET exam after join Teaching as LECTURER or Asst PROFESSOR ……..
SCOPE-3 After Ph.D (Agri) or allied course qualify Agricultural Scientists Recruitment Board (ASRB) ARS Examination and become AGRICULTURAL SCIENTIST ……..
SCOPE-4 Your College Dept for the post of Senior Research Fellow(SRF) and Research Associate (RA)
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AGRIBUSINESS MANAGEMENT course एग्री बिजनेस मैनेजमेंट PGDM (ABM) पी जी डी एम (ए बी एम) is also a choice.

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